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Climate Change & Adaptation
Climate change may have a significant impact on protected areas, their biological diversity, and their neighbouring human populations by threatening existing marginal land use options.
An adaptive, landscape approach is required to address these risks.
TFCAs offer opportunities to implement climate change mitigation activities which may also enable a certain amount of income generation. These ecologically and financially viable Land
Use Change and Forestry (LUCF) activities may include reduced emissions from degradation and deforestation (REDD), improved forest management, agricultural land management,
aforestation and reforestation.
The Peace Parks Foundation has initiated a Climate Change Programme with these activities in several TFCAs, including the Zambian component of the KAZA TFCA.
The commodity being traded through this programme is a Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reduction, with the LUCF activities leading to a net reduction in GHG in the atmosphere over the project lifetime (at least 20 years).
The LUCF project implementer is paid to reduce the volume of GHGs in the atmosphere below that which would have occurred in the absence of the project – a process called
taking-carbon-to-market. Therefore, the implementer must do more than just conserve an area and mitigation activities must be clear, definable and measurable.