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Culture & Heritage
The culture and heritage within the KAZA TFCA is almost beyond description, it is so rich and varied. Given the huge diversity of ethnic groups and sub-groups
across the landscape, each with their own particular customs and traditions, culture dominates daily life – influencing the harvesting and use of natural resources,
directing the preparation of foods, dictating the types of dwellings and mode of construction, through to shaping dress fashions and styles of music, song and dance.
Culture is reflected in the livelihood strategies of the communities, with some individuals basing their lives around access to large bodies of water for fishing and harvesting aquatic resources, whilst others live in forested areas and yet others in drier and harsher conditions with minimal access to water. This rich heritage provides the backdrop to the ‘people’ side of the KAZA TFCA equation.
Culture and tradition are not static constructs both being influenced by numerous external and internal factors over time which cause transformation, merging and diversification of cultures.
Examples of such influencing factors include colonial exploitation, the slave trade, the onset of diseases such as malaria, drawing of political boundaries by colonial powers, forced and voluntary migration, and civil strife such as that experienced in Angola.
However, as they exist, the cultures of the communities currently living within the KAZA TFCA represent a vast resource on their own. Through the establishment of TFCAs, it is hoped that this resource is increasingly celebrated through the cognizance of indigenous knowledge, establishment of cultural villages and determination of national heritage sites. More than 3000 national heritage sites have been identified in Zambia alone.